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in the sawmill, 130 in the woods crew and
80 operating the tram rail lines that brought
logs to the mill. The mill operation had a  
central administrative office and a commis- 
sary or general store for supplying food,
clothing and other items to the employees
and their families. There were boarding
houses for bachelors and small houses for  
the married mill hands. All living arrange-  
ments were racially segregated.
  Economically, the mill was a boon for  
cash strapped farmers. Although the
woods and milling occupations were  de-
manding and dangerous they offered  a
welcome cash wage to offset the subsis-  
tence living on hardscrabble farms in the
  During its life, there were two
sensational murders at the Clio Mill.
Thomas Godfrey and an innocent
bystander named McEwing were
shot and killed on November 20,
1907. Clarence L. Bush was woun-
ded but escaped. On November
27, 1907, several people were
arrested including Burt McCartney,
J. J. Prince, and C. C. Cotton for
the murder of Godfrey and McEwing.
When they were brought to trial, it
was a sensation. The courthouse
could not hold the crowd. They were
tried in the December 1907 term of
court. The court found C.C. Cotton
not guilty. The case against McCartney
and Prince was none pressed.
  In March 1909 there was another
shooting at Clio. D. H. Duncan, who
was a high-ranking member of the J.F.
Rutherford Company, was shot and
killed by John W. Day, another com-
pany official. Day and Duncan were
engaged in an argument over company
policy. During the argument. Day
pulled out his pistol and shot Duncan
six times.
Witnesses saw Day backing out of his
room with a smoking gun in his hand.
Day was escorted to confinement in
Rison. This, too, was a sensational trial
with hundreds of spectators gathering at
the court- house. Justice Roebuck
    ruled that there was insufficient           Rutherford Lumber Company
    evidence to bring Day to trial              were placed in receivership.
    and he was released.                          By 1912 all the company assets
    The Clio Mill closed in 1911,              had been disposed of and
    when all the holdings of the J. F.          the company ceased to exist. 

  C.L. GARNER & SON MILL - This aerial view shows the C.L.
  Garner & Son mill as it was in the early 1940's. The mill was located
  in the southwestern portion of Rison. It no longer exists.

  MAJOR SOURCE OF EMPLOYMENT - The timber industry
  continues to provide jobs for the residents of Rison and Cleveland
  County. Pictured here is a mill crew from the J.L. Sadler Lumber
  Company in Rison, taken during the 1940's.

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